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Reduced connexin43 expression correlates with c-Src activation, proliferation, and glucose uptake in reactive astrocytes after an excitotoxic insult.

TitleReduced connexin43 expression correlates with c-Src activation, proliferation, and glucose uptake in reactive astrocytes after an excitotoxic insult.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsGangoso E, Ezan P, Valle-Casuso JCarlos, Herrero-González S, Koulakoff A, Medina JM, Giaume C, Tabernero A
JournalGlia
Volume60
Issue12
Pagination2040-9
Date Published2012 Dec
ISSN1098-1136
KeywordsAnimals, Astrocytes, Cell Proliferation, Connexin 43, Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists, Genes, src, Glucose, Kainic Acid, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Transgenic
Abstract

In diverse brain pathologies, astrocytes become reactive and undergo profound phenotypic changes. Connexin43 (Cx43), the main gap junction channel-forming protein in astrocytes, is one of the proteins modified in reactive astrocytes. Downregulation of Cx43 in cultured astrocytes activates c-Src, promotes proliferation, and increases the rate of glucose uptake; however, so far there have been no studies examining whether this cascade of events takes place in reactive astrocytes. In this work, we analyzed this pathway after a cortical lesion induced by a kainic acid injection. As previously described, astrocytes reacted to the lesion with an increase in glial fibrillary acidic protein and a decrease in Cx43 expression. Some of these reactive astrocytes proliferated, as estimated by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation and cyclins D1 and D3 upregulation. In addition, the expression of the glucose transporter GLUT-3 and the enzyme responsible for glucose phosphorylation, Type II hexokinase (Hx-2), were induced in reactive astrocytes, suggesting an increased glucose uptake. Previous in vitro studies reported that c-Src is the link between Cx43 and glucose uptake and proliferation in astrocytes. Here, we found that c-Src activity increased in the lesioned area. c-Src activation and Cx43 downregulation preceded the peak of Hx-2 and cyclin D3 expression, suggesting that c-Src could mediate the effect of Cx43 on glucose uptake and proliferation in reactive astrocytes after an excitotoxic insult. Interestingly, we identify c-Src, GLUT-3, and Hx-2 in the signaling mechanisms involved in the reaction of astroglia to injury. Altogether these data contribute to identify new therapeutical targets to enhance astrocyte neuroprotective activities.

DOI10.1002/glia.22418
Alternate JournalGlia
PubMed ID22987484
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