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Proximal tubular fluid, kidney, and plasma levels of angiotensin II in hypertensive ren-2 transgenic rats.

TitleProximal tubular fluid, kidney, and plasma levels of angiotensin II in hypertensive ren-2 transgenic rats.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsMitchell KD, Jacinto SM, Mullins JJ
JournalAm J Physiol
Volume273
Issue2 Pt 2
PaginationF246-53
Date Published1997 Aug
ISSN0002-9513
KeywordsAngiotensin II, Animals, Animals, Genetically Modified, Body Fluids, Genes, Hypertension, Kidney, Kidney Tubules, Proximal, Male, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Renin
Abstract

The present study was performed to assess the plasma and kidney levels of angiotensin I (ANG I) and ANG II during prehypertensive (4- to 5-wk old), development (6- to 8-wk old), and maintenance (10- to 12-wk old) phases of hypertension in pentobarbital-anesthetized transgenic rats [TGR; strain name: TGR(mRen2)27] and age-matched transgene-negative Hannover Sprague-Dawley rats (HanSD). At 4-5 wk, mean arterial pressures of TGR were not different from those of HanSD (110 +/- 5 vs. 114 +/- 4 mmHg). However, mean arterial pressures of 6-8 wk and 10-12 wk TGR were higher than those of HanSD (179 +/- 3 vs. 110 +/- 6 and 173 +/- 5 vs. 116 +/- 3 mmHg, respectively; P < 0.01 in both cases). Plasma ANG II levels in 4-5 wk and 6-8 wk TGR were not different from those in HanSD (70 +/- 11 vs. 66 +/- 7 and 60 +/- 8 vs. 48 +/- 12 fmol/ml, respectively). However, plasma ANG II levels in 10-12 wk TGR were higher than those in HanSD (125 +/- 26 vs. 38 +/- 12 fmol/ml, P < 0.01). Kidney ANG II levels in 4-5 wk, 6-8 wk, and 10-12 wk TGR averaged 370 +/- 57, 247 +/- 16, and 562 +/- 86 fmol/g, respectively, values not different from those in HanSD. In additional studies performed on 6-8 wk TGR and HanSD, multiple free-flow proximal tubular fluid collections were obtained and pooled for each animal. In these experiments, mean arterial pressures of the 10 TGR and 7 HanSD studied averaged 178 +/- 9 and 129 +/- 3 mmHg (P < 0.01), respectively. The ANG II concentration in proximal tubular fluid obtained from TGR averaged 5.6 +/- 2.1 pmol/ml (n = 10), a value not different from that in proximal tubular fluid collected from HanSD (5.3 +/- 2.8 pmol/ml, n = 7). However, the ANG II contents of the micropunctured left kidney and the nonmicropunctured right kidney of TGR were lower than those in HanSD (690 +/- 95 vs. 1,374 +/- 210 and 659 +/- 119 vs. 1,303 +/- 196 fmol/g, respectively; P < 0.01 in both cases). The present findings indicate that proximal tubular fluid of hypertensive TGR contains nanomolar concentrations of ANG II and that proximal tubular fluid, plasma and kidney ANG II levels in anesthetized hypertensive TGR are not markedly suppressed compared with those in normotensive control rats.

Alternate JournalAm. J. Physiol.
PubMed ID9277585
Grant ListHL-50438 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States