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Perithecium morphogenesis in Sordaria macrospora.

TitlePerithecium morphogenesis in Sordaria macrospora.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsLord KM, Read ND
JournalFungal Genet Biol
Volume48
Issue4
Pagination388-99
Date Published2011 Apr
ISSN1096-0937
KeywordsHyphae, Microscopy, Mutation, Sordariales, Spores, Fungal
Abstract

The perithecium of the self-fertile ascomycete Sordaria macrospora provides an excellent model in which to analyse fungal multicellular development. This study provides a detailed analysis of perithecium morphogenesis in the wild type and eight developmental mutants of S. macrospora, using a range of correlative microscopical techniques. Fundamentally, perithecia and other complex multicellular structures produced by fungi arise by hyphal aggregation and adhesion, and these processes are followed by specialization and septation of hyphal compartments within the aggregates. Perithecial morphogenesis can be divided into the ascogonial, protoperithecial, and perithecial stages of development. At least 13 specialized, morphologically distinct cell-types are involved in perithecium morphogenesis, and these fall into three basic classes: hyphae, conglutinate cells and spores. Conglutinate cells arise from hyphal adhesion and certain perithecial hyphae develop from conglutinate cells. Various hypha-conglutinate cell transitions play important roles during the development of the perithecial wall and neck.

DOI10.1016/j.fgb.2010.11.009
Alternate JournalFungal Genet. Biol.
PubMed ID21134480
Grant ListBB/E010741/1 / / Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council / United Kingdom
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