Leading science, pioneering therapies
CRM Publications

Hypothermic Preconditioning of Human Cortical Neurons Requires Proteostatic Priming.

TitleHypothermic Preconditioning of Human Cortical Neurons Requires Proteostatic Priming.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsRzechorzek NM, Connick P, Patani R, Selvaraj BT, Chandran S
Date Published2015 Jun

Hypothermia is potently neuroprotective but poor mechanistic understanding has restricted its clinical use. Rodent studies indicate that hypothermia can elicit preconditioning, wherein a subtoxic cellular stress confers resistance to an otherwise lethal injury. The molecular basis of this preconditioning remains obscure. Here we explore molecular effects of cooling using functional cortical neurons differentiated from human pluripotent stem cells (hCNs). Mild-to-moderate hypothermia (28-32 °C) induces cold-shock protein expression and mild endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in hCNs, with full activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR). Chemical block of a principal UPR pathway mitigates the protective effect of cooling against oxidative stress, whilst pre-cooling neurons abrogates the toxic injury produced by the ER stressor tunicamycin. Cold-stress thus preconditions neurons by upregulating adaptive chaperone-driven pathways of the UPR in a manner that precipitates ER-hormesis. Our findings establish a novel arm of neurocryobiology that could reveal multiple therapeutic targets for acute and chronic neuronal injury.

Alternate JournalEBioMedicine
PubMed ID26287272
PubMed Central IDPMC4534756
Publication institute