Leading science, pioneering therapies
CRM Publications

Diverse progenitor cells preserve salivary gland ductal architecture after radiation-induced damage.

TitleDiverse progenitor cells preserve salivary gland ductal architecture after radiation-induced damage.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsMay AJ, Cruz-Pacheco N, Emmerson E, Gaylord EA, Seidel K, Nathan S, Muench MO, Klein OD, Knox SM
Date Published2018 11 05
KeywordsAcinar Cells, Animals, Animals, Newborn, Asymmetric Cell Division, Cell Lineage, Cell Proliferation, Epithelial Cells, Female, Humans, Keratin-14, Male, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Models, Biological, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit, Radiation Injuries, Salivary Ducts, Stem Cell Transplantation, Stem Cells, Submandibular Gland

The ductal system of the salivary gland has long been postulated to be resistant to radiation-induced damage, a common side effect incurred by head and neck cancer patients receiving radiotherapy. Yet, whether the ducts are capable of regenerating after genotoxic injury, or whether damage to ductal cells induces lineage plasticity, as has been reported in other organ systems, remains unknown. Here, using the murine salivary gland, we show that two ductal progenitor populations, marked exclusively by KRT14 and KIT, maintain non-overlapping ductal compartments after radiation exposure but do so through distinct cellular mechanisms. KRT14 progenitor cells are fast-cycling cells that proliferate in response to radiation-induced damage in a sustained manner and divide asymmetrically to produce differentiated cells of the larger granulated ducts. Conversely, KIT intercalated duct cells are long-lived progenitors for the intercalated ducts that undergo few cell divisions either during homeostasis or after gamma radiation, thus maintaining ductal architecture with slow rates of cell turnover. Together, these data illustrate the regenerative capacity of the salivary ducts and highlight the heterogeneity in the damage responses used by salivary progenitor cells to maintain tissue architecture.

Alternate JournalDevelopment
PubMed ID30305288
PubMed Central IDPMC6240316
Grant ListR01 EY025980 / EY / NEI NIH HHS / United States
R01 EY027392 / EY / NEI NIH HHS / United States
R35 DE028255 / DE / NIDCR NIH HHS / United States
R01 DE024188 / DE / NIDCR NIH HHS / United States
P30 EY002162 / EY / NEI NIH HHS / United States
Publication institute