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Cloning and characterization of Ehox, a novel homeobox gene essential for embryonic stem cell differentiation.

TitleCloning and characterization of Ehox, a novel homeobox gene essential for embryonic stem cell differentiation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsJackson M, Baird JW, Cambray N, Ansell JD, Forrester LM, Graham GJ
JournalJ Biol Chem
Volume277
Issue41
Pagination38683-92
Date Published2002 Oct 11
ISSN0021-9258
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Animals, Base Sequence, Cell Differentiation, Cell Lineage, Cloning, Molecular, COS Cells, Embryo, Mammalian, Gene Expression Regulation, Genes, Homeobox, Homeodomain Proteins, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Myocytes, Cardiac, Oligonucleotides, Antisense, Plasmids, Sequence Alignment, Stem Cells, Tissue Distribution
Abstract

We report here the identification and characterization of a novel paired-like homeobox-containing gene (Ehox). This gene, identified in embryonic stem (ES) cells, is differentially expressed during in vitro ES cell differentiation. We have assessed Ehox function using the ES cell in vitro differentiation system. This has involved molecular and biological analyses of the effects of sense or antisense Ehox expression (using episomal vectors) on ES cell differentiation. Analysis of antisense Ehox-expressing ES cells indicates that they are unable to express marker genes associated with hematopoietic, endothelial, or cardiac differentiation following removal of leukemia inhibitory factor. In contrast, overexpression of Ehox using the sense construct accelerated the appearance of these differentiation markers. ES cell self-renewal and differentiation assays reveal that inhibition of Ehox activity results in the maintenance of a stem cell phenotype in limiting concentrations of leukemia inhibitory factor and the almost complete impairment of the cardiomyocyte differentiation capacity of these cells. We therefore conclude that Ehox is a novel homeobox-containing gene that is essential for the earliest stages of murine ES cell differentiation.

DOI10.1074/jbc.M203459200
Alternate JournalJ. Biol. Chem.
PubMed ID12087094