|Title||Adult haematopoietic stem cells lacking Hif-1α self-renew normally.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Vukovic M, Sepulveda C, Subramani C, Guitart A, Mohr J, Allen L, Panagopoulou TI, Paris J.K, Lawson H, Villacreces A, Armesilla-Diaz A, Gezer D, Holyoake TL, Ratcliffe PJ, Kranc KR|
|Date Published||2016 Apr 8|
The haematopoietic stem cell (HSC) pool is maintained under hypoxic conditions within the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment. Cellular responses to hypoxia are largely mediated by hypoxia-inducible factors, Hif-1 and Hif-2. The oxygen-regulated alpha subunits of Hif-1 and Hif-2 (namely, Hif-1α and Hif-2α) form dimers with their stably expressed beta subunits, and control the transcription of downstream hypoxia-responsive genes to facilitate adaptation to low oxygen tension. An initial study concluded thatHif-1αis essential for HSC maintenance, wherebyHif-1α-deficient HSCs lost their ability to self-renew in serial transplantation assays. In another study, we demonstrated thatHif-2αis dispensable for cell-autonomous HSC maintenance, both under steady-state conditions and following transplantation. Given these unexpected findings, we set out to revisit the role ofHif-1αin cell-autonomous HSC functions. Here we demonstrate that inducible acute deletion ofHif-1αhas no impact on HSC survival. Notably, unstressed HSCs lackingHif-1αefficiently self-renew and sustain long-term multilineage haematopoiesis upon serial transplantation. Finally,Hif-1α-deficient HSCs recover normally after hematopoietic injury induced by serial administration of 5-fluorouracil. We therefore conclude that despite the hypoxic nature of the BM microenvironment,Hif-1αis dispensable for cell-autonomous HSC maintenance.