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Activation of stem cells in hepatic diseases.

TitleActivation of stem cells in hepatic diseases.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsBird TG, Lorenzini S, Forbes SJ
JournalCell Tissue Res
Date Published2008 Jan
KeywordsAnimals, Bone Marrow Cells, Humans, Liver Diseases, Liver Neoplasms, Liver Regeneration, Stem Cells

The liver has enormous regenerative capacity. Following acute liver injury, hepatocyte division regenerates the parenchyma but, if this capacity is overwhelmed during massive or chronic liver injury, the intrinsic hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) termed oval cells are activated. These HPCs are bipotential and can regenerate both biliary epithelia and hepatocytes. Multiple signalling pathways contribute to the complex mechanism controlling the behaviour of the HPCs. These signals are delivered primarily by the surrounding microenvironment. During liver disease, stem cells extrinsic to the liver are activated and bone-marrow-derived cells play a role in the generation of fibrosis during liver injury and its resolution. Here, we review our current understanding of the role of stem cells during liver disease and their mechanisms of activation.

Alternate JournalCell Tissue Res.
PubMed ID18046579
PubMed Central IDPMC3034134
Grant List081604 / / Wellcome Trust / United Kingdom
/ / Wellcome Trust / United Kingdom