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Vaccinia recombinants expressing secreted and transmembrane forms of breast cancer-associated epithelial tumour antigen (ETA).

TitleVaccinia recombinants expressing secreted and transmembrane forms of breast cancer-associated epithelial tumour antigen (ETA).
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1991
AuthorsHareuveni M, Wreschner DH, Kieny MP, Dott K, Gautier C, Tomasetto C, Keydar I, Chambon P, Lathe R
Date Published1991 Sep
KeywordsAntigens, Neoplasm, Base Sequence, Breast Neoplasms, Female, Humans, Membrane Glycoproteins, Molecular Sequence Data, Molecular Weight, Mucin-1, Recombination, Genetic, RNA, Messenger, Vaccines, Synthetic, Vaccinia virus

Monoclonal antibody H23 identifies a polymorphic epithelial tumour antigen (ETA) that is aberrantly expressed in breast cancer and which may afford a target for active immunotherapy. We recently reported the cloning of H23-ETA genomic and cDNA clones. H23-ETA contains a multiple internal tandem repetition of a 20 amino acid motif and sequence analysis predicted two mRNA species encoding different ETA proteins, one harbouring a C-terminal potentially transmembrane hydrophobic zone (T) and a second form (S) that lacks this zone. We report that both RNA species can be detected in breast cancer cells. To further characterize the encoded proteins we have constructed vaccinia virus recombinants, VV-ETA-S and VV-ETA-T, separately expressing the alternative forms. Despite selective loss of internal tandem repeat elements during propagation of recombinant vaccinia, the encoded polypeptides were efficiently recognized by H23 monoclonal antibody. Immunoprecipitation revealed that ETA encoded by the S recombinant was secreted into the culture medium whereas the T form remained tethered at the cell surface. Both forms were readily detected in infected cells by immunofluorescence. Abnormal mobility of the T polypeptide indicated post-translational cleavage that may permit the extracellular domain of the T-polypeptide to be shed from the cell surface. Further, fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis shows that the S form of the polypeptide is also partly present at the cell surface. Vaccinia recombinants expressing ETA may be of utility in the active immunotherapy of breast cancer.

Alternate JournalVaccine
PubMed ID1950095