|Title||Signaling mechanisms regulating self-renewal and differentiation of pluripotent embryonic stem cells.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1999|
|Authors||Burdon T, Chambers I, Stracey C, Niwa H, Smith A|
|Journal||Cells Tissues Organs|
|Keywords||Animals, Cell Differentiation, Cells, Cultured, Fetus, Mice, Signal Transduction, Stem Cells|
An ability to propagate pluripotent embryonic cells in culture is the foundation both for defined germline modification in experimental rodents and for future possibilities for broad-based cellular transplantation therapies in humans. Yet, the molecular basis of the self-renewing pluripotent phenotype remains ill-defined. The relationship between factors that influence embryonic stem cell propagation in vitro and mechanisms of stem cell regulation operative in the embryo is also uncertain. In this article we discuss the role of intracellular signalling pathways in the maintenance of pluripotency and induction of differentiation in embryonic stem cell cultures and the mammalian embryo.
|Alternate Journal||Cells Tissues Organs (Print)|