|Title||Segregation of the mouse germline and soma.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Zhang M, Chambers I|
|Date Published||2019 Oct 04|
Mouse primordial germ cells (PGCs), originate from the early post-implantation epiblast in response to BMP4 secreted by the extraembryonic ectoderm. However, how BMP4 acts here has remained unclear. Recent work has identified the transcription factor (TF), OTX2 as a key determinant of the segregation of the germline from the soma. OTX2 is expressed ubiquitously in the early post-implantation epiblast, decreasing rapidly in cells that initiate the PGC programme. mRNA is also rapidly repressed by BMP4 , in germline competent cells. Supporting a model in which BMP4 represses , enforcing sustained OTX2 expression in competent cells blocks germline entry. In contrast, -null epiblast cells enter the germline with increased efficiency and and can do so independently of BMP4. Also, -null cells can initiate germline entry even without the crucial PGC TF, BLIMP1. In this review, we survey recent advances and propose hypotheses concerning germline entry.
|Alternate Journal||Cell Cycle|