|Title||Real-time imaging of Leishmania mexicana-infected early phagosomes: a study using primary macrophages generated from green fluorescent protein-Rab5 transgenic mice.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2009|
|Authors||Lippuner C, Paape D, Paterou A, Brand J, Richardson M, Smith AG, Hoffmann K, Brinkmann V, C Blackburn C, Aebischer T|
|Date Published||2009 Feb|
|Keywords||Animals, Cells, Cultured, Female, Green Fluorescent Proteins, Kinetics, Leishmania mexicana, Ligands, Macrophages, Mice, Mice, Transgenic, Phagosomes, rab5 GTP-Binding Proteins, Time Factors, Transgenes|
The small GTPase Rab5 is a key regulator of endosome/phagosome maturation and in intravesicular infections marks a phagosome stage at which decisions over pathogen replication or destruction are integrated. It is currently unclear whether Leishmania-infected phagosomes uniformly pass through a Rab5(+) stage on their intracellular path to compartments with late endosomal/early lysosomal characteristics. Differences in routes and final compartments could have consequences for accessibility to antileishmanial drugs. Here, we generated a unique gfp-rab5 transgenic mouse model to visualize Rab5 recruitment to early parasite-containing phagosomes in primary host cells. Using real-time fluorescence imaging of phagosomes carrying Leishmania mexicana, we determined that parasite-infested phagosomes follow a uniform sequence of transient Rab5 recruitment. Residence in Rab5(+) compartments was much shorter compared with phagosomes harboring latex beads. Furthermore, a comparative analysis of parasite life-cycle stages and mutants deficient in lpg1, the gene encoding the enzyme required for synthesis of the dominant surface lipophosphoglycan, indicated that parasite surface ligands and host cell receptors modulate pathogen residence times in Rab5(+) phagosomes, but, as far as tested, had no significant effect on intracellular L. mexicana survival or replication.
|Alternate Journal||FASEB J.|