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The peptidomimetic CXCR4 antagonist TC14012 recruits beta-arrestin to CXCR7: roles of receptor domains.

TitleThe peptidomimetic CXCR4 antagonist TC14012 recruits beta-arrestin to CXCR7: roles of receptor domains.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsGravel S, Malouf C, Boulais PE, Berchiche YA, Oishi S, Fujii N, Leduc R, Sinnett D, Heveker N
JournalJ Biol Chem
Date Published2010 Dec 03
KeywordsAnti-HIV Agents, Arrestins, beta-Arrestins, Cell Line, Tumor, Chemokine CXCL12, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Enzyme Activation, HEK293 Cells, Heterocyclic Compounds, Humans, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3, Oligopeptides, Peptidomimetics, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Receptors, CXCR, Receptors, CXCR4, Recombinant Fusion Proteins

CXCR7 is an atypical chemokine receptor that signals through β-arrestin in response to agonists without detectable activation of heterotrimeric G-proteins. Its cognate chemokine ligand CXCL12 also binds CXCR4, a chemokine receptor of considerable clinical interest. Here we report that TC14012, a peptidomimetic inverse agonist of CXCR4, is an agonist on CXCR7. The potency of β-arrestin recruitment to CXCR7 by TC14012 is much higher than that of the previously reported CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100 and differs only by one log from that of the natural ligand CXCL12 (EC(50) 350 nM for TC14012, as compared with 30 nM for CXCL12 and 140 μM for AMD3100). Moreover, like CXCL12, TC14012 leads to Erk 1/2 activation in U373 glioma cells that express only CXCR7, but not CXCR4. Given that with TC14012 and AMD3100 two structurally unrelated CXCR4 antagonists turn out to be agonists on CXCR7, this likely reflects differences in the activation mechanism of the arrestin pathway by both receptors. To identify the receptor domain responsible for these opposed effects, we investigated CXCR4 and CXCR7 C terminus-swapping chimeras. Using quantitative bioluminescence resonance energy transfer, we find that the CXCR7 receptor core formed by the seven-transmembrane domains and the connecting loops determines the agonistic activity of both TC14012 and AMD3100. Moreover, we find that the CXCR7 chimera bearing the CXCR4 C-terminal constitutively associates with arrestin in the absence of ligands. Our data suggest that the CXCR4 and CXCR7 cores share ligand-binding surfaces for the binding of the synthetic ligands, indicating that CXCR4 inhibitors should be tested also on CXCR7.

Alternate JournalJ. Biol. Chem.
PubMed ID20956518
PubMed Central IDPMC2992227
Grant List / / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / Canada
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