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Interplay between FGF2 and BMP controls the self-renewal, dormancy and differentiation of rat neural stem cells.

TitleInterplay between FGF2 and BMP controls the self-renewal, dormancy and differentiation of rat neural stem cells.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsSun Y, Hu J, Zhou L, Pollard SM, Smith A
JournalJ Cell Sci
Volume124
IssuePt 11
Pagination1867-77
Date Published2011 Jun 1
ISSN1477-9137
KeywordsAnimals, Antigens, Differentiation, Bone Morphogenetic Proteins, Carrier Proteins, Cell Differentiation, Cell Line, Cell Proliferation, Cerebral Cortex, Culture Media, Conditioned, Fibroblast Growth Factor 2, Humans, Intermediate Filament Proteins, Mice, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Nestin, Neural Stem Cells, Rats, Rats, Inbred F344, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Smad Proteins, SOXB1 Transcription Factors, Spinal Cord
Abstract

Mouse and human central nervous system progenitor cells can be propagated extensively ex vivo as stem cell lines. For the rat, however, in vitro expansion has proven to be problematic owing to proliferation arrest and differentiation. Here, we analyse the establishment, in adherent culture, of undifferentiated tripotent neural stem (NS) cell lines derived from rat foetal brain and spinal cord. Rat NS cells invariably undergo growth arrest and apparent differentiation after several passages; however, conditioned medium from proliferating cultures can overcome this block, enabling continuous propagation of undifferentiated rat NS cells. We found that dormancy is induced by autocrine production of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). Accordingly, the BMP antagonist noggin can replace conditioned medium to sustain continuous self-renewal. Noggin can also induce dormant cells to re-enter the cell cycle, upon which they reacquire neurogenic potential. We further show that fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) is required to suppress terminal astrocytic differentiation and maintain stem cell potency during dormancy. These findings highlight an extrinsic regulatory network, comprising BMPs, BMP antagonists and FGF2 signals, that governs the proliferation, dormancy and differentiation of rat NS cells and which can be manipulated to enable long-term clonogenic self-renewal.

DOI10.1242/jcs.085506
Alternate JournalJ. Cell. Sci.
PubMed ID21558414
PubMed Central IDPMC3096055
Grant ListG0800784 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
G1100526 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
Publication institute
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